Treatment for corneal dystrophies depends upon the type of dystrophy and how severe the symptoms are. If you do not have any symptoms, your Eye M.D. may monitor your eyes closely to see if the disorder is progressing. In other cases, eye drops, ointments or laser treatment may be appropriate.
In many cases, people with corneal dystrophy will experience repeat corneal erosion. This condition may be treated with antibiotics, lubricating eye drops, ointments, or special soft contact lenses that protect the cornea. If erosion continues, additional treatment options may include the use of laser therapy or a technique for scraping the cornea.
In more severe cases, a cornea transplant (called keratoplasty) may be necessary. The damaged or unhealthy cornea tissue is removed and clear donor cornea tissue is put in its place. For endothelial dystrophies, such as Fuchs’ dystrophy, partial cornea transplant (or endothelial keratoplasty) is used.
Cornea transplants have proven to be very successful in patients with poor vision, or whose corneas have been significantly damaged because of corneal dystrophies.