The symptoms of corneal dystrophy depend upon the type of corneal dystrophy. Some people experience no symptoms. In others, the build-up of material in the cornea causes it to become opaque (not clear), leading to blurred vision or vision loss.
Many people also experience corneal erosion, in which the outermost layer of the cornea, the epithelium, fails to attach to the next layer, the Bowman membrane. Corneal erosion causes mild to severe pain in the eye, light sensitivity and the sensation of something in the eye.
Who Is At Risk for Corneal Dystrophies?
Because most corneal dystrophies are genetic disorders, a family history of the disease increases your risk for developing them.
Corneal dystrophies can appear at any age. Men and women are equally affected by most corneal dystrophies, except for Fuchs’ dystrophy, which affects women more frequently than men.
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