In its earliest stages, people may not be aware they have macular degeneration until they notice slight changes in their vision or until it is detected during an eye exam. People who are at risk for macular degeneration should have regular eye exams to test for macular degeneration and, if diagnosed, begin treatment if appropriate.
Dry macular degeneration signs and symptoms
- Blurry distance and/or reading vision
- Need for increasingly bright light to see up close
- Colors appear less vivid or bright
- Hazy vision
- Difficulty seeing when going from bright light to low light (such as entering a dimly lit room from the bright outdoors)
- Trouble or inability to recognize people's faces
- Blank or blurry spot in your central vision
Dry macular degeneration can affect one or both eyes. You may not notice vision changes if only one eye is affected, as your unaffected eye will compensate for vision loss in the other eye.
Wet macular degeneration signs and symptoms
- Distorted vision — straight lines will appear bent, crooked or irregular
- Dark gray spots or blank spots in your vision
- Loss of central vision
- Size of objects may appear different for each eye
- Colors lose their brightness; colors do not look the same for each eye
Wet macular degeneration symptoms usually appear and get worse fairly quickly.
See a simulation of what vision with macular degeneration looks like.
Next Page: Who Is at Risk for Macular Degeneration?
AMD in the News
- Research shows an association between some blood pressure medications and increased risk for AMD. (May, 2014)