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What Is Fuchs' corneal dystrophy? And what does it do?
Fuchs' endothelial dystrophy is a painless, inherited disease of the cornea — specifically of the endothelium. It tends to appear in every generation and is more common in women. The endothelium is the inner layer of the cornea, and its function is important to corneal health and clarity. The endothelium actively transports or draws fluid out of the cornea, keeping it thin and clear. If the endothelium does not work, the cornea gradually swells and becomes cloudy and degrades vision. Fuchs' dystrophy is a gradual, progressive dysfunction of the endothelium, giving its victim declining vision. Fortunately, it is treatable, although treatment often requires surgery. Today's techniques, though, provide a high degree of success and much faster recovery than in the past. Consult your Eye M.D. for appropriate diagnosis if you think you or a family member might have Fuchs' dystrophy.
Answered by: Ivan Schwab, MD
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