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What is the importance of fundoscopy?
Fundoscopy, especially when the pupils are dilated for a more complete view of the entire retina, allows for examination of the retina to help diagnose conditions and identify risk factors for potential vision loss associated with the retina. For example, patients with diabetes should have an annual dilated fundus examination to check the retina for signs of diabetic retinopathy that could lead to permanent or difficult-to-treat vision loss. Signs of diabetic retinopathy, which is often a sign also of systemic disease associated with diabetes, include bleeding, inflammation, lack of oxygen, and other problems with the retina that can lead to permanent vision loss. Fundoscopy can also help diagnose other diseases such as infection or inflammation in the eye that requires treatment to preserve vision.
Answered by: Richard K. Lee, MD, PhD
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